The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 ton 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union, the basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, and a fuel truck. The ZIL-131 also serves as a platform for the 9P138 rocket launcher, a 36-tube variant of the BM-21 "Grad."
The ZIL-131 is part of a family of two trucks sharing identical components by ZIL, which also included the ZIL-130. Both trucks were introduced in 1967. The ZIL-131 6x6 has the smae equipment as the GAZ-66 and Ural-375D. Unlike the ZIL-131, the ZIL-130 is intended for civilian use.
The ZIL-130/131 is still in production at the "AMUR" truck plant (as the AMUR 531340), with both gasoline and diesel engines.